Ever since mobile phones became popular, the importance of rechargeable electric batteries is growing steadily worldwide. According to Wikipedia, in 2013, there were 6.8 billion mobile phones throughout the world (including Smartphones) and 97 of 100 people in the world at least a mobile phone. These figures include some of the poorest among us. While many users do not go beyond simple voice calls (and, more rarely, the exchange of SMS-messages), the availability of free, great, easy-to-use programs (or Apps) that are growing in variety and quantity each day, and to the many in this category to a “key” of the mobile phone users. Many people who use the PC as the main computing device today announce that the PC its supremacy in the Computer world in the foreseeable future, the transition to Smartphones start. These factors will be expected) to an increase of 35% in the number of Smartphone users by 2020 (or 9.2 billion users worldwide.
As Smartphones are becoming thinner, lighter, Smarter, the use of large Displays, and so on, you also have more energy. Therefore, an urgent need for large capacity, Super-quick charge of the battery, which can charge a large number of times, before to be trashed, for the success of future Smartphones.
There are also other important applications that depend on the rapid charging of batteries for their well-being. One of them is the electric vehicle (EV) industry is so welcome. Users expect to fill in the time of recharge of the battery should be comparable to the time it will take fuel at the gas station today, i.e., about 4-5 minutes. Another very important application in the Smart Grid – the intelligent energy Management Station, where guides are current and migration have not succeeded. Large capacity, fast charge/ dehumidification batteries are required for the storage of excess energy (every time when the input signal is greater than the demand), and release it again when there is a deficiency. A little less critical, however, it is important to quickly the batteries used in Smart-watches, Smart-Home and body care appliances (candidate of Sciences) in charge.
A few years ago, it is obvious that the Lithium-ion battery (Best battery technology currently is used), it was clearly inadequate for the future needs. There is so much difference between Lithium-ion technology and projected battery of the future, that it is quite obvious that a “quantum leap” (or Revolution) in the battery technology will be enough. Therefore, as long as he still came in the news, fever and frenzied research have been developed in many leading academic and corporate R & d centers, to find out what the blessed one battery technology of the future with features such as: load time in a couple of minutes or even seconds (Wow!), less weight (go all the way up to half in the case of EV batteries), high capacity, safety (no electrical fires and explosions is reminiscent of the Boeing 787 in 2013, misadventures await!), significantly lower costs, Simplicity of the processing and the cycle of once in thousands and ten thousands!
Think about achieving the “quantum leap” in technology for 1-2 years, the way many in the scientific community, such as the stone guest in the recent past. But now everything is different! A Person with the advanced frontiers of the scientific knowledge, unprecedented leaps&bounds in recent times, the modern researcher, sitting at the summit of scientific knowledge seems to be a very promising solutions in a simple, covered hat!
So the line-up of the most promising technologies, the research at the time of writing of this article. (Note: quick recharge of the batteries, study, currently, many Alternative technologies flooded, the claim the 1. Place. As so many of the author is not an exhaustive list tried. Instead, in the list below the best of everything is, in his opinion.)
Aluminum-GRAPHITE-technology (see the Link under number 2 and 4 For more Details):
At the top of the list of Aluminium-graphite technology, which is developed at Stanford University, USA. He is admired for his 1 Minute (Yes, 60 seconds!) Tasks. Although its bandwidth is about one-half of the Lithium-ion, he more than compensates for this lack of incredible tasks. Compared with Lithium-ion life of about 1000 charging cycles, the Aluminium-graphite lasts for at least 7500 cycles. It Ion is much safer than li-also – the researchers say that even if you просверливаешь, it lights up!
Aluminum-air technology (EMU) (taking into account the claims 1 & 2):
In the aluminum-air (Al-air) battery, the oxygen from the air in the cathode is used and therefore a single oxidizing agent is unnecessary. This type of battery has an energy density of the EV with so much power can deliver, set him in a series with their gasoline counterparts. Range on a full charge is about 1000 miles! A couple of loading everything that you need can cycles, if you are traveling up to 2,000 miles per month!
That завывающим about this battery is that it is only half the weight of the current Lithium-battery. With half of the battery, significantly more payload to carry passengers and goods (note: the battery is the heaviest component, EV, is clearly. In the TESLA Roadster, for example, the battery is about a third of the total weight, so that weight can be saved, i.e., one-sixth of the total population, significant).
Aluminum-air technology (EMU) (Ref. No. 2):
It’s a different kind of Al-air technology, which were discussed above. Amazing, because it runs on the water (ordinary sea water) and 40 times the capacity of Lithium-ion!
Nanotechnology-based fast charge (Ref. No. 5):
StoreDot Ltd. is the Israeli High-Tech companies in the fast charge the batteries as soon with “flash battery for Smartphones,” Universal Smartphone charger. The company uses created proprietary organic compounds/manipulate with the help of nanotechnology.
What does surprise him? He can!recharge any mobile phone, regardless of brand or model, a min (max)
In addition to mobile phones, the charger can be used to charge your portable devices, doctors, tablets and the like. However, there’s a catch – although there is evidence that it is not yet available in stores! It may take a year before it is available in retail stores.
StoreDot also offer “flash battery EV”, a quick charger for electric vehicles in the near future. This product is used for recharging the car’s battery in just five minutes!
Fast charge for radio waves (Link no 2):
In this technology, electricity is used for charging by radio waves transmitted.
Not very surprising, except that he’s wireless and charges with a distance of up to 20 feet. And there is also a hook – he is not immediately available on the market.
Bio-technology Stream (Link no. 2 and Wikipedia):
Developer-Meath (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Bio-technology flood flow generated by an organic substance, AQDS (9,10-антрахинон-2,7-disulphonic acid) as the carrier of the cargo.
It falls to us, the cut on 97% (battery-sources) production costs of electricity while the metal-batteries 1 kW / h of electricity to $700, Bio-battery, you have so much power in only 27$!
Nano batteries (Link under number 2, 6 and Wikipedia):
Nano batteries are made of “nano” batteries (i.e., sizes in the range of 10 -9 m). “Nano” batteries are created by two electrodes in a tiny hole (or “нанопор”) in электроизоляционную shell or metal compounds (e.g., aluminum oxide), separated by a thin insulating Film. A large number of “нанопор” fused together to a full battery.
Nothing excellent about it? Yes! Нанопоры size so small that they are not individually visible. You can charge up to four times more energy than Lithium-ion and up to a full 10 minutes. In addition, you have cycles, a life span of about 1,000 charge.
Lithium-titanium dioxide NTU technology (EMU) (Ref. No. 7 and Wikipedia):
This breakthrough technology from Singapore’s nanyang Technological University (NTU). Due to the change in the графитового cathode ion found in Lithium batteries for Low-Cost Gel made from titanium dioxide, NTU claims that the developed Ultra-fast charging battery that can be charged up to 70% of their capacity within two minutes! In addition to two minutes to load, what with their exceptional service life of 20 years.
First and foremost, cars, life-span-factor battery aimed at the electric, as expected, significantly reducing the costs incurred otherwise on account of frequent battery changes.
Note: as already mentioned, fast charge, battery research is a growing field is currently full in just a few alternative technologies that are promising and stuffed. Technology on the basis of foamed metal substrate, silicon, sodium Ion, urine-powered microbial fuel cell, Solar, hydrogen, candle soot, and some of the others, which is in the stage of research and development at acceptance of the above list, the author believes the best of them all. A notice charging values deletion Meredith Perry “over the air” technology, the electricity, the by ultrasound to recharge. The long-awaited, much-honored technology a short time ago, apparently, not managed to the last Tests, so that he be excluded from consideration.